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Economics Leading To The Revolutionary War

.. deplorable situation of the trade and the many difficulties it as preset labours under on account of the scarcity of money King, Peter. Boston Non-Importation). The merchants and traders of Boston saw that if this Townshend Act continues it is going to drive the economy straight into the ground. They also feel that if this continued they would never be able to pay their debts back to Great Britain as stated in the Non-Importation agreement.

The merchants stated that their economy has become much more unstable and thats why they have now drafted an agreement. The embarrassments and restrictions laid on the trade by the several late Acts of Parliament; together with the bad success of our cod fishery this season, and the discouraging prospect of whale fishery (King, Peter. Boston Non-Importation). This goes to show that the economic stability of the Southeastern New England region was in great trouble because the American colonists went to the point of non-importation. They decided that they would not import from January 1, 1769 to January 1, 1770 (King, Peter.

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Boston Non-Importation). The merchants and traders of Charleston also drew up a non-importation agreement. The people of Charleston were hit so bad that they eventually boycotted buying slaves too. The agreement stated; That we will not purchase any Negroes imported, or any goods or merchandise whatever, from any resident in this province, that refuses or neglects to sign this agreement within one month from the date hereof; excepting it shall appear he has been unavoidably prevented from doing the same And every subscriber who shall nor strictly and literally adhere to this agreement, according to the true intent and meaning hereof, ought to be treated with the utmost contempt (King, Peter. Charleston). This goes to prove that the colonists were very serious about getting the Townshend Acts repealed because they really saw how it was damaging a developing market economy.

In 1770 the British Parliament cut the Townshend Acts back. The boycott of goods by the colonists eventually led to a reduction in British profits. The Parliament withdrew all of the Townshend Act taxes with the exception of the tax on tea. This also led to the end of the Non-Importation agreement among merchants and traders throughout the colonies but it did not end the boycott outright. They still boycotted some goods being imported into the colonies. The Tea Act of 1773 was the act that eventually caused the Boston Tea Party and the Coercive Acts of 1774. These events would bring the colonies to a boiling point, which eventually caused the movement for Independence to get going strong.

The Tea Act of 1773 had reduced the tax on imported British tea because the British East India Company was just about bankrupt. This in turn gave the British East India Company a monopoly on tea sales. According to the Tea Act itself, it gave, British merchants an unfair advantage in selling their tea in America (The Tea Act). Also the Tea Act stated, that it placed a three penny per pound import tax on tea (The Tea Act). Philadelphia drafted resolutions on the Tea Act on October 16, 1773.

These resolutions were published in the Pennsylvania Gazette. One resolution stated, that the claim of Parliament to tax America is, in other words, a claim to levy contributions on us at pleasure (King, Peter. The Philadelphia). Once again the issue of taxing the American people being justified. This time it touched off anger throughout the colonies because as this shows they are tired of being taxed by the British.

The Americans became tired of the British using these acts as a way to raise money for support of British government activities throughout the world. The Philadelphia resolutions also saw this tax as being a violent attack upon the liberties of America (King, Peter. The Philadelphia). The anger of the people was built over this period of about twenty years, which is starting to erupt. The colonists also saw anyone aiding or abetting the unloading, receiving, or vending the tea sent or to be sent out by the East India Company while it remains subject to payment of duty here, is an enemy to his country (King, Peter.

The Philadelphia). This just continues to show the building sentiment of a movement towards an Independent America. Being considered an enemy of America is very harsh words and it goes to show how serious the colonists were taking these taxations. The New York Sons of Liberty made resolves about the Tea Act one day before the Boston Tea Party took place. The Sons of Liberty took much harsher measures in their resolves. These resolves were very similar to the ones drafted up in Philadelphia.

They said if anyone agrees with the British parliament raising revenue in America and aiding them in doing so is an enemy to the liberties of America (King, Peter. Resolves of New York). These resolves were drawn up on December 15, 1773 and one day later the Boston Tea Party had taken place. What was now seen was a greater sentiment all the way from Philadelphia up through Boston about how these acts have harmed the economy of America in many ways. In November of 1773 the colonists in Boston endorsed the actions taken by the Philadelphian colonists.

That is why the colonists of Boston felt it was necessary to dump the Tea into Boston harbor against the Royal Governors demand that they pay the tax on the tea. Before the Boston Tea Party took place some eight thousand people met to hear Sam Adams tell them Royal Governor Hutchinson has repeated his command not to let the ships leave the harbor until the tea taxes are paid in full. Later that night the Bostonians dressed as Mohawk Indians and went onto the ships to dump some three hundred and forty-two containers into the harbor. According to George Hewes a participant, In about three hours from the time we went on board, we had thus thrown overboard every tea chest found in the ship (Hewes, George). The acts that would drive the colonists to war with Great Britain came in March 1774. This act was named the Coercive Acts, which included in it the Boston Port Act. This act was drawn up in response to the Boston Tea Party. The act stated the following, An act to discontinue, in such a manner, and for such time as are therein mentioned, the landing and discharging, lading, or shipping, of goods, wares, and merchandise, at the town, and within the harbour, of Boston (The Boston Port Act).

This act put a halt to commercial trading in the city of Boston because it shut down their port. With Bostons port shutdown the economy slowly started to suffer. The beginning of the end of British rule over the American economy began in 1774. The Massachusetts colony suggested a return to non-importation but several states preferred a congress of all the colonies to discuss a united resistance. This event led to the First Continental Congress in 1774.

They urged all colonists to avoid using British goods, and to form committees to enforce the ban. Finally, in 1775 Britain enacted the New England Restraining Act. This act stated that trade was banned between New England colonies and any other country except for Great Britain. The Royal authorities felt that it was necessary to use force to enforce the acts that parliament had enacted. As seen this pushed America directly into war with Great Britain.

The Americans had become tired of being taxed by British parliamentary acts put in place over the 20-year period. The Americans were slowly provoked over this time because the British kept playing with the economy of America. Americans saw this as very dangerous because they wanted their economy to stay successful and the British were hampering this in many ways. They kept taxing goods that the Americans had depended on without having taxes placed on them for an extremely long time. It is evident that the taxation and acts placed on the American colonists caused them to push for an Independence movement.

It started with the Sugar Act, Currency Act, and Stamp Act in 1764 and 1765. These acts made colonial economic life much more difficult for the colonists living in America because their economy had not developed to a point where they could leave the British behind. This came after the Americans were upset with the Tea Act being put in place and this lead to the Boston Tea Party. Once these events took place all that could be done was for them to actually fight the British and that was the next step. This shows specifically that the acts issued from 1763 to 1773, which are related to how successful the American economy would actually be. This makes it even more evident that taxations helped to cause the Revolutionary War.

Bibliography Works Cited Primary Sources Dickinson, John. Letters from a farmer II. The American Revolution an .HTML project. 1999. http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/D/1751-1775/townshend/ dickII.htm (13 Apr. 2000).

Dickinson, John. Letters from a farmer IV. The American Revolution an .HTML project. 1999. http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/D/1751-1775/townshend/ dickIV.htm (13 Apr. 2000). Hewes, George.

Boston Tea Party: Eyewitness Account by a Participant. The History Place. http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/revolutio n/teaparty.htm (30 Mar. 2000). King, Peter. Boston Non-Importation Agreement, August 1, 1768. Peter King 1999. http://www.carleton.ca/~pking/docs/440docs1.htm#6 (8 Mar.

2000). King, Peter. Charleston non-importation agreement (22nd July 1769). Peter King 1999. http://www.carleton.ca/~pking/docs/440docs1.htm#10 (8 Mar. 2000).

King, Peter. Connecticut Resolutions on the Stamp Act December 10, 1765. Peter King 1999. http://www.carleton.ca/~pking/docs/440docs.htm#6 (8 Mar. 2000). King, Peter. Lt-Gov.

William Bull to Board of Trade November 3,1765. Peter King 1999. http://www.carleton.ca/~pking/docs/440docs.htm#7 (8 Mar. 2000). King, Peter. Non-importation Agreement of New York Merchants October 31, 1765. Peter King 1999. http://www.carleton.ca/~pking/docs/440docs.htm#5 (8 Mar.

2000). King, Peter. Petition from the Massachusetts House of Representatives to the House of Commons November 3, 1764. Peter King 1999. http://www.carleton.ca/~pking/docs/440docs.htm#1 (8 Mar. 2000).

King, Peter. Resolves of New York Sons of Liberty, December 15, 1773. Peter King 1999. http://www.carleton.ca/~pking/docs/440docs73.htm#3 (8 Mar. 2000). King, Peter.

The Philadelphia Resolutions October 16, 1773. Peter King 1999. http://www.carleton.ca/~pking/docs/440docs73.htm#1 (8 Mar. 2000). King, Peter. Virginia Stamp Act Resolutions May 30, 1765.

Peter King 1999. http://www.carleton.ca/~pking/docs/440docs.htm#3 (8 Mar. 2000). Pitt, William. Pitts speech on the Stamp Act. The American Revolution an .HTML project.

1999. http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/D/1751-1775/stampact/s apitt.htm (13 Apr. 2000). The Boston Port Act. Founding.com Library. http://www.founding.com/library/lbody.cfm?id=93&pa rent=17 (13 Apr. 2000). The Currency Act. Founding.com Library. http://www.founding.com/library/lbody.cfm?id=84&pa rent=17 (13 Apr.

2000). The Stamp Act. Founding.com Library. http://www.founding.com/library/lbody.cfm?id=87&pa rent=17 (13 Apr. 2000). The Sugar Act. Founding.com Library. http://www.founding.com/library/lbody.cfm?id=85&pa rent=17 (13 Apr. 2000).

The Tea Act. Founding.com Library. http://www.founding.com/library/lbody.cfm?id=91&pa rent=17 (13 Apr. 2000). The Townshend Act. Founding.com Library. http://www.founding.com/library/lbody.cfm?id=90&pa rent=17 (13 Apr. 2000).

Secondary Sources McCusker, John J. Essays in the Economic History of the Atlantic World. New York, New York: Routledge, 1997. Hoffman, Ronald, McCusker, John, J, Menard, Russell, R, and Albert, Peter, J. The Economy of Early America: The Revolutionary Period, 1763-1790.

Charlottesville, Virginia: University Press of Virginia, 1988. History Reports.


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